Case of the Day: LLC v. Halverston Holdings Ltd.

The case of the day is LLC v. Halverston Holdings Ltd. (S.D.N.Y. 2014). The case involved a joint venture gone wrong. The plaintiff sought to serve one of the defendants, Halverston Holdings Ltd., BVI, a British Virgin Islands company, by Fedex. The UK has not objected to service by postal channels on the BVIs’ behalf, and the judge correctly held that Fedex is within the postal channel.

The more difficult question was service on RBC-TV Moscow, a Russian corporation. The plaintiffs sought to effect service by personal delivery and by mail. The judge correctly held that under FRCP 4(h)(2), personal delivery is not an available method of delivery for use on a corporation abroad. Service by mail won’t work, either, as Russia has objected to service by mail under Article 10(a) of the Hague Service Convention.

Parade in Red Square
Just Like Old Times!
The plaintiffs didn’t make a simple mistake here. Rather, they were trying to grapple with Russia’s unilateral refusal to execute requests for service from the United States under the Convention. I have noted that refusal twice before. The fact of the matter is that Russia’s refusal to honor the treaty does not make permissible what the Convention makes impermissible. I don’t know enough public international law to know what would have to happen to change this analysis: certainly Russia has not withdrawn from the Convention.

All’s well that ends well. RBC-TV had hired a US lawyer to argue its position on service of process and other issues. And so the judge, correctly, authorized the plaintiff to serve RBC-TV by service on its US counsel. I’ve said it before: if you want to make a service of process argument, run silent, run deep. (I’ll do a post on this idea at some point. I think it’s right, even though I can think of some objections).

Photo credit: RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

About Ted Folkman

Ted Folkman is a shareholder with Murphy & King, a Boston law firm, where he has a complex business litigation practice. He is the author of International Judicial Assistance (MCLE 2012), a nuts-and-bolts guide to international judicial assistance issues, and of the chapter on service of process in the ABA's forthcoming treatise on International Aspects of US Litigation, and he is the publisher of Letters Blogatory, the Web's first blog devoted to international judicial assistance, which the ABA recognized as one of the best 100 legal blogs in 2012, 2014, and 2015.

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