Tag Archives: New York Convention

Case of the Day: Enron Nigeria Power Holding v. Nigeria

The case of the day is Enron Nigeria Power Holding, Ltd. v. Federal Republic of Nigeria (D.C. Cir. 2016). Nigeria was party to a contract for construction of electrical facilities with ENPH. The contract was made in 1999, but almost immediately thereafter Nigeria suspended implementation, after it received a letter from the World Bank criticizing the economics of the contract. Soon thereafter, the Nigerian attorney general opined that the contract was invalid under Nigerian law. Although Enron sought Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2011, ENPH informed Nigeria at the time of the bankruptcy that it was able to perform its obligations under the contract. After years of trying to renegotiate, ENPH demanded an arbitration by the ICC’s International Court of Arbitration, in London. The ICC entered an award in favor of ENPH, and ENPH sought confirmation in Washington. The district court confirmed the award, and Nigeria appealed.
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Case of the Day: Albaniabeg Ambient v. Enel

The case of the day is Albaniabeg Ambient Sh.p.k. v. Enel S.p.A. (S.D.N.Y. 2016). BEG S.p.A., an Italian company, contracted with the government of Albania to build and operate a hydroelectric plant. BEG also had a contract with Enel S.p.A., another Italian firm, to study the feasibility of the project. Later, BEG had a similar contract with Enelpower S.p.A., an Enel subsidiary. The Enelpower contract had an agreement to arbitrate.

A dispute arose. BEG commenced an arbitration against Enelpower for breach of contract. The tribunal, seated in Rome, found that Enelpower was not liable to BEG. The Italian courts refused to vacate the award despite a claim that one of the arbitrators had a conflict of interest.

Later, Albaniabeg, a subsidiary of BEG, brought an action against Enel and Enelpower in the Albanian court. The claims were tort claims arising out of the hydroelectric project. The Albanian court entered a judgment for more than € 25 million against Enel and Enelpower, which was affirmed on appeal. The European Court of Human Rights rejected Enel and Enelpower’s challenge to the judgment.

Albaniabeg brought an action in the New York Supreme Court for recognition of the Albanian judgment. Continue reading Case of the Day: Albaniabeg Ambient v. Enel