Tag Archives: Taiwan

Case of the Day: ISPEC, Inc. v. Tex R.L. Industrial, Inc.

The case of the day is ISPEC, Inc. v. Tex R.L. Industrial, Inc. (D.N.J. 2014). ISPEC served process on Tex R.L. in Taiwan by Fedex, by email to its US counsel, and by a local process server, who served the summons on an unidentified employee of Tex R.L. in Taipei. On the basis of this service, ISPEC obtained a default judgment, and Tex R.L. moved to vacate.
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Case of the Day: Clientron Corp. v. Devon IT, Inc.

The case of the day, Clientron Corp. v. Devon IT, Inc. (E.D. Pa. 2014), seems flagrantly wrong. The facts were simple enough. Clientron was a Taiwan corporation. It had a contract with Devon, a Pennsylvania corporation, for the manufacture and delivery of computer components. The contract had an arbitration agreement. A dispute arose, and Clientron commenced an arbitration before the Chinese Arbitration Association in Taiwan. Although Devon argued that the dispute was not arbitrable, the tribunal determined that it had jurisdiction and entered an award for $6.5 million in favor of Clientron. Clientron obtained a judgment in Taiwan enforcing the arbitral award. There had been no decision in a revocation proceeding Devon had brought in Taiwan.
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Case of the Day: Lui-Dix v. Holder

The case of the day is Lui-Dix v. Holder (7th Cir. 2013). Chia-I Lui-Dix was a Taiwan national. In 1996, she and her first husband, Yu-Ping Lin (who later died), were tried in Taiwan for violation of Taiwan’s Drug Eradication Act. The trial lasted fifteen minutes. The only witness was the chief of police; Lui-Dix and Lin were not permitted to cross-examine him. Lin confessed to using heroin and to possession of the 1.22 g of heroin that the police had seized from the couple’s home. Lui-Dix denied using drugs, but a urine test showed that she had morphine in her system. The test did not distinguish between morphine and heroin, but the Taiwan court reasoned: “[M]ost drug users use heroin. Rarely do they use morphine. Therefore, the court believes the illegal drug [Lui-Dix] used was heroin.” It convicted her of heroin use and sentenced her to three years in prison.

In 2000, after she served her sentence, Lui-Dix entered the United States on a student visa. She married Paul Dix, a US citizen, and the couple had a child. After the marriage, Lui-Dix sought adjustment of her status to that of a legal permanent resident, and she disclosed her criminal conviction on the application. The Department of Homeland Security denied the application because of the conviction and began removal proceedings on the grounds that her conviction made her inadmissible at the time of her entry into the United States. Lui-Dix challenged removability on the grounds that the urine test used in Taiwan was unreliable, and that the proceedings in Taiwan did not require proof beyond a reasonable doubt and was otherwise procedurally deficient. The immigration judge rejected her arguments, and on appeal, the Board of Immigration Appeals affirmed, noting that it could rely on the Taiwan conviction “without considering the procedural adequacy of the trial.” Lui-Dix petitioned the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit to review the BIA’s decision.

The court denied her petition. “Only if there is some evidence that the foreign conviction was obtained in a manner that falls below the standards accepted by any civilized system would it be appropriate” to permit a collateral attack on a foreign criminal judgment in US immigration proceedings. The court pointed, by way of example, to Doe v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 445 (7th Cir. 2007), where a Salvadoran army officer had been convicted by an “Honor Commission” of military officers of participation in the murder of several Jesuits, even though several others, including the commander, were acquitted despite confessing to their participation and even though Doe “did not give orders, fire his gun, seize anyone, or block anyone’s attempted escape.” Doe could collaterally attack his conviction because the trial was “a cover up,” “incomprehensible factually and legally. It was a kangaroo court to make kangaroos blush.” Absent such egregious facts, Lui-Dix could not challenge the Taiwan conviction.

My informal view is that the Taiwan proceedings, if they didn’t cross the line, came pretty close. No cross-examination? Fifteen minutes?