China claims to be strengthening its domestic intellectual property (IP) framework. It has even invited Western companies to sue if they believe IP breaches have occurred within China. But these claims are not a substantial rebuttal to US criticisms of online IP infringement. There remain factors that discourage IP rights holders from bringing cases against IP infringers in the latter’s home country. And the implementation of the laudable Chinese E-Commerce Law still needs to be put to the test.